Raedat - Media Office:
A study conducted by "Raedat," revealed that 80% of Arab women parliamentarians are subjected to long-term, systematic violence and that the sources of this violence are often from powerful personalities and colleagues in the party and parliament.
The study also showed that social media and the media are among the places where women parliamentarians are subjected to psychological and verbal violence based on gender and that although half of women MPs complain to their families, friends or colleagues, only a third of the parliamentarians reach official authorities such as the police and the judiciary, while they refrain 20% of women MPs for any complaint or notification, and even in cases of official reporting, complaints usually do not come as a result, as the women MPs testify.
The most serious is the economic and political cost of this violence, as the study revealed that more than 36% of women parliamentarians are subjected to economic violence and that more than 70% are subjected to psychological and verbal violence and that 47% are subjected to threats of death, kidnapping, rape or physical abuse, which is what leads to 12 % Of women parliamentarians outside political work, and led to the back-off of third and their retirement from running for office, as well as led to almost a sense of fear and insecurity, and affected their political positions and their ability to express them.
The results of the study were announced in a dialogue meeting held in Landmark under the patronage of His Excellency the Minister of Political and Parliamentary Affairs and the presence of an elite of deputies, parties, civil society organizations, municipalities and decentralization.
This was announced by the Chairwoman of the network Dr. Rula Al-Farra Al-Hroub that the network will publish next March an Arab policy paper based on the results of this study, which included 216 women parliamentarians from 16 Arab parliament.
The following are the most prominent results of the study:
• The percentage of women parliamentarians who were subjected to one or more types of violence was 79.6% of the total study sample, and the proportion of women who were exposed to two or more types of violence was 70.7%, while the percentage of women parliamentarians who were not exposed to violence was 20.4%, which means that approximately 80% of women MPs have experienced one or more forms of systematic violence.
• Women MPs were subjected to violence in varying degrees, as it differed in its severity from one type to another, not to mention the different forms, methods of use and methods of its practice, as they were subjected to psychological, economic, physical and sexual violence in varying degrees, which are respectively 76.2%, 34.3%, 6.6%, and 5.7%. The percentage of those who experienced sexual verbal violence was 47.1%, and the threat of kidnapping, murder, rape, or physical abuse was 32.9%.
• The results showed that violence was not related to a specific gender, where women MPs reported that the source of violence was only a man with 47%, while women MPs reported that the source of violence was only a woman with 10.6%, while both sexes participated in being a source of violence against Arab women MPs with a percentage of 42.2 % Of cases.
•The sources of violence against women MPs were distributed: They were: a powerful figure, ordinary citizens, unknown persons, a colleague in Parliament, a colleague in the party in various proportions respectively, 31.1%, 30.5%, 27%, 23.4%, 22.8%.
• The places where women parliamentarians are exposed to violence varied, so social media and the internet were the highest percentage, followed by traditional media, places of electoral gatherings, the party’s headquarters, the street, the parliament’s headquarters, public seminars and meetings, family and clan, according to the following ratios: 32%, 19.6%, 16%, 16%, 15%, 12.2%, 11.2%, 7.5%.
• The percentage of women parliamentarians who have been subjected to violence and have filed a complaint and / or reporting is 77.8%, while the percentage of women parliamentarians who have been subjected to violence and who did not submit to a complaint and / or reporting is 22.2% of women parliamentarians, meaning that more than one-fifth of Arab women parliamentarians have not told anyone Not at all as a matter of complaint or official reporting of the violence they suffered.
• The results showed that friends and family ranked first and second in terms of repeated recourse to complaints in cases of violence against women parliamentarians, followed by the police, the party leader, a colleague or a female colleague in parliament, a male or female colleague in the party, the judiciary, the parliament speaker, and the media according to proportions The following respectively 34.7%, 31.7%, 21%, 19.8%, 15%, 15%, 15%, 10.2%, 5.4%.
• The results showed the repetition of the times when the women MPs complained, the percentage of those who always reported their exposure to violence was 16.2%, as the proportion of those who often complain or reached 14.9%, and the percentage of those who are subjected to violence and sometimes they complain or reach 26.9%, and the proportion of those who are exposed Violence rarely complained or reached 22.5%, while the percentage of those who experienced violence never complained or reached 22.1%.
• The percentage of cases that reported that the complainant party or the person reported to them had taken a measure after they went to them with the complaint is 44.3%, while the percentage of cases that reported that the complained party had not performed after they went to the complaint reached 47.9%.
• The results showed that in 61.6% of the cases the complaint and / or the reporting of any result did not come, compared to 28.7% of the cases that the complaint / reporting had achieved results.
• 64.2% of women parliamentarians, the absolute majority, reported that they have no preferences for filing a complaint to a male or a female, while 21.4% of them report that they prefer to complain or report to a male rather than a female, compared to only 14.2% who preferred to resort to the female in the complaint.
• The results showed that violence against women in political work costs a human tax. On the self-level of women, the results showed that women parliamentarians felt fear by 47.3%. Violence also formed family pressures on them by 32.3%. The results also showed that there is an economic cost of violence that appears at the professional level and is represented by By limiting their freedoms to express their positions by 37.7%, limiting political activity by 31.7%, refraining from participating in public events by 19.1%, withdrawing from political work entirely by 12.5%, depriving them of an economic opportunity or financial loss by 19.7%, and their retreat On running for a political position 13.1% .
• The results showed that 18.5% of female parliamentarians weren't directly influenced from the violence